The River

The Chambal River is a tributary of the Yamuna River in central India, and thus forms part of the greater Gangetic drainage system. The river flows north-northeast through Madhya Pradesh, running for a time through Rajasthan, then forming the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh before turning southeast to join the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh state.

It is a legendary river and finds mention in ancient Indian scriptures. The perennial Chambal originates at Manpura, south of Mhow town, near Indore, on the south slope of the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh. The Chambal and its tributaries drain the Malwa region of northwestern Madhya Pradesh, while its tributary, the Banas, which rises in the Aravalli Range, drains southeastern Rajasthan. It ends a confluence of five rivers, including the Chambal, Kwari, Yamuna, Sind, Pahuj, at Pachnada near Bhareh in Uttar Pradesh state, at the border of Bhind and Etawah districts.

The Chambal River is considered pollution free, and hosts an amazing riverine faunal assemblage including 2 species of crocodilians – the mugger and gharial, 8 species of freshwater turtles, smooth-coated otters, gangetic River Dolphins, skimmers, black-bellied terns, sarus cranes and black-necked storks, amongst others.

The Chambal River is a perennial river known for its pristine unpolluted water and is home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna. This was the reason that the river Chambal was chosen as one of the main habitats for the reintroduction in to the wild of Gharials bred in captivity at Kukrail in Lucknow and Deori in Morena. Rampant poaching and indiscriminate fishing had led to the decimation of Gharial population in India. Therefore a captive breeding and reintroduction programme was started in the 1970’s to bring this species back from the brink of extinction.

The Sanctuary

National Chambal Sanctuary, also called the National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary, is a 5,400 km2 (2,100 sq mi) tri-state protected area in northern India for the critically endangered gharial (small crocodiles), the red-crowned roof turtle and the endangered Ganges river dolphin. Located on the Chambal River near the tripoint of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The Sanctuary now constitutes a long narrow eco-reserve co-administered by the three states. Within the sanctuary the pristine Chambal River cuts through mazes of ravines and hills with many sandy beaches.

It consists of the large arc described by the Chambal between Jawahar Sagar Dam in Rajasthan and the Chambal-Yamuna confluence in Uttar Pradesh. Over this arc, two stretches of the Chambal are protected as the National Chambal Sanctuary status - the upper sector, extending from Jawahar Sagar Dam to Kota Barrage, and the lower sector, extending from Keshoraipatan in Rajasthan to the Chambal-Yamuna confluence in Uttar Pradesh.

The sanctuary was gazetted 'in order to facilitate the restoration to "ecological health" of a major north Indian River system and provide full protection for the gravely endangered gharial (Gavialis gangeticus).


Ideal time to observe Wildlife and Photography

Chambal Sanctuary is open from Mid-October to Mid-June.
Weather starts becoming pleasant in October and one can visit the sanctuary during Mid October to April. Visitor can see migratory and local birds.

From October weather starts becoming pleasant and one can visit during November to March. By this time one can see migratory as well as local birds. Migratory birds from Siberia form part of its rich avian fauna. Vulnerable bird species here include the Indian skimmer, sarus crane, Pallas's fish eagle and Indian courser. Winter visitors include black-bellied terns, red-crested pochard, ferruginous pochard and bar-headed goose. Other species include great thick-knee, greater flamingos, darters, and brown hawk owl.

Chambal is North India’s cleanest river habited by remarkable variety of fauna.

Chambal is the only river in India, which has got status of a wildlife sanctuary. KNOW MORE

Flora & Fauna


The area lies within the semi-arid zone of north-western India at the border of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh States, and the vegetation consists of ravine, thorn forest, a sub-type of the Northern Tropical Forests. The semiarid tract in Madhya Pradesh is represented by Chambal catchment extending up to Narmda and Betla Rivers. Over 1000 flowering plants have bean reported including Anogeissus latifoia, A. pendula, Tectona grandis, Lannea coromandelica, Diospyros melanoxylon, Sterculia urens, Mitragyna parviflora, Butea monosperma, Emblica officinalls, Boswellia serrata, Bridelia squamosa and Hardwickia binata. Species composition at shrub and ground layer is similar to that of semiarid regions of Gujarat. A few climbers of this area include species of Rhynchosia, Atylosia, Cocculus, Cissampelos, Ipomoea, Pergularia daemia, Pueraria tuberosa and Tinospora cordifolia. KNOW MORE


The critically endangered gharial crocodiles and the red-crowned roof turtles live here, and together with the endangered Ganges river dolphins are the keystone species of the sanctuary. Other large threatened inhabitants of the sanctuary include muggar crocodile, smooth-coated otter, striped hyena and Indian wolf. Chambal supports 8 of the 26 rare turtle species found in India, including Indian narrow-headed softshell turtle, three-striped roof turtle and crowned river turtle. Other reptiles who live here are: Indian flapshell turtle, soft shell turtle, Indian roofed turtle, Indian tent turtle and monitor lizard. KNOW MORE

The Climate

The daytime temperatures vary a great deal, but it is usually warm in the sun. The temperatures dip around mid-December, with the onset of morning and evening fog, and the days and nights remain quite cold till the end of January.

The temperature ranges are as follows:

October, November, February and March
Day : 24-36 °C Night : 9-20 °C

December and January
Day : 10-20 °C Night : 2-10 °C

Day : 24-36 °C Night : 15-25 °C


Mela Ground is a well known farm land situated in Jarar Village. Initially this land was famous for the cattle fair. Since Kunwar Munendra Pal Singh has an interest in natural habitat & conservation of its resources and he is also having a vast experience of Indian Tourist Industry therefore he started this Eco Lodge to promote the eco tourism and conservation of natural habitat of The National Chambal Sanctuary. The Eco Lodge is now world famous as CHAMBAL WILDLIFE SAFARI LODGE.

The CHAMBAL WILDLIFE SAFARI LODGE is an attractive property of more than 6 suite rooms. Exotic restaurant, a beautiful garden, organic farm, horse ranch are the main features of this eco lodge. KNOW MORE



A : Arjun Stud Farms, Village - Jarar,
Tehsil - Bah, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.
C : +91 - 9536 105 646
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