National Chambal Sanctuary also known as National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary spread over 5400 sq.KM in Northern India's three states - Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan and is provided fertility by Chambal river which is tributary of Yamuna River and Flows a distance of 425 KM.
Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary's part in Uttar Pradesh is an area of 635 sq. kms. along Chambal river's 180 km stretch. In 1972, Sanctuary was included under the India's Wildlife Protection Act 1972.
Tourists from all over the world choose to visit Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary to see the diverse fauna and flora some of which are critically endangered species.
Home to the endangered Gharials, red crowned roof turtles and ganges river dolphin, mugger crocodile, striped hyena, Indian Wolf and smooth-coated otter. One interesting fact is India has 26 turtle species which are Rare and out of these 8 species are supported by Chambal. Other mammals tourist can look forward to are rhesus macaque, golden jackal, Bengal fox, Hanuman Langur, Small asian mangoose, common palm civet, jungle cat, Indian grey mongoose, Wild boar, Nilgai, Sambar, Black buck, Indian gazelle.
Now let us move to the birds which are also the major attraction and also have National Chambal Sanctuary listed in the Important Bird Area and proposed under inter governmental environmental treaty by UNESCO in Convention on Wetlands known as Ramsar Convention.
Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary is home to 320 species of resident and migratory birds making the avian fauna extreme rich. As discussed earlier, the endangered birds species which should not skip our mention would be sarus crane, Indian Skimmer, Indian Courser and Pallet's fish eagle, pallid harrier and flamingo. Other avian fauna in the sanction are black-bellied Fein, bar headed goose, farraginous poachard and red crested pochard, great thick knee, greater flamingo, darter and brown hawk owl.
The flora in CHAMBAL WILDLIFE SANCTUARY consists of 1000 flowering plants which includes anogeissus patifoia, tectona grandis, diospyros melanoxylon, sterculia wens, burea monisperma, bridelia squamosa to name a few. CHAMBAL WILDLIFE SANCTUARY has some plants which are commonly found namely Khair, Palash, Chured, bar, grassy patches.
Tourist should avail boat safaris to witness the diversity CHAMBAL WILDLIFE SANCTUARY has to offer as it is the best suggested methods. Tourist can also avail other activities like jeep safari and nature walks.